© Unofficial Royalty 2021
Elizabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia; Credit – Wikipedia
November 8, 1622 – Birth of King Karl X Gustav of Sweden at Nyköping Castle, Sweden
Karl Gustav was the eldest of the three sons of Johann Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Princess Katarina of Sweden. In 1654, he became King of Sweden upon the abdication of his cousin Christina, Queen of Sweden. Four months after becoming king, Karl Gustav married Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. They had only one child, the future Karl XI, King of Sweden, who succeeded his father. Karl Gustav’s short reign concentrated on the healing of domestic discords from the reign of Queen Christina and the rallying of Sweden around his new policy of conquest. He achieved great military successes in the Second Northern War against Denmark-Norway and Poland-Lithuania.
Unofficial Royalty: King Karl X of Sweden
November 8, 1715 – Birth of Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia, wife of King Friedrich II of Prussia (the Great), at Schloss Bevern in Wolfenbüttel, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, now in Lower Saxony, Germany
In 1733, Elisabeth Christine married Crown Prince Friedrich of Prussia. The marriage had been arranged between the groom’s father, King Friedrich Wilhelm I in Prussia, and the bride’s uncle, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. They had no children and basically lived separate lives until their deaths. In 1740, Elisabeth’s father-in-law died and her husband succeeded him. Despite their separation, the new King understood the importance of court life and ensured that Elisabeth Christine had a very prominent and official role. While Friedrich II rarely attended any court functions, Elisabeth Christine was always there, even often representing him at his own birthday celebrations. Beloved by the people of Prussia, Elisabeth Christine became a symbol of strength during the Seven Years’ War. Further endearing herself to the Prussian people was her charity work. She donated the majority of her allowance to charitable causes each year.
Unofficial Royalty: Elizabeth Christine of Brunswick-Bevern, Queen of Prussia
November 8, 1746 – Birth of Elisabeth Christine Ulrike of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Crown Princess of Prussia, in Wolfenbüttel, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, now in Lower Saxony, Germany, first wife of the future King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia
In 1765, Elisabeth Christine married her first cousin, Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia (the future King Friedrich Wilhelm II), in a marriage arranged by their mutual uncle, King Friedrich II (the Great) of Prussia. The couple had one daughter Frederica Charlotte who married Prince Frederick, Duke of York, the second son of King George III of the United Kingdom. Elisabeth Christine’s marriage was never a happy one, as Friedrich Wilhelm had constant affairs and completely ignored and neglected his wife. Elisabeth Christine soon began her own affair and found herself pregnant. Her lover, a musician, was arrested and reportedly beheaded, and Elisabeth Christine took some drugs to end her pregnancy. Her marriage ended in divorce and she spent the rest of her life under house arrest. She never saw her daughter Frederica again. Elisabeth Christine died on February 18, 1840, at the age of 93, after spending 71 years under house arrest.
Unofficial Royalty: Elisabeth Christine Ulrike of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Crown Princess of Prussia
November 8, 1768 – Birth of Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom, at Buckingham Palace in London, England
Princess Augusta was the second of the six daughters and the sixth of the fifteen children in her family. Augusta’s childhood was very sheltered and she spent most of her time with her parents and sisters. The living conditions of King George’s daughters came to be known as “the Nunnery.” None of the daughters was allowed to marry at the age when most princesses would marry. Three of Augusta’s six sisters did eventually marry, all of them later than was the norm for the time. Starved for male companionship, Sophia got pregnant by her father’s 56-year-old equerry and secretly gave birth to a boy who was placed in a foster home.
Unofficial Royalty: Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom
November 8, 1777 – Birth of Anna Petrovna Lopukhina, mistress of Paul I, Emperor of All Russia
In 1798, Paul I, Emperor of All Russia visited Moscow. At a court ball, he noticed 21-year-old Anna Petrovna Lopukhina and became infatuated. In the fall of 1798, the Lopukhin family moved to St. Petersburg where they lived at 10 Palace Embankment, a street along the Neva River where the Winter Palace was located. Anna’s stepmother was made a lady-in-waiting at court and Anna was made a maid-of-honor. She quickly replaced Ekaterina Ivanovna Nelidova as Paul’s official mistress. In 1799, Anna asked Paul’s permission to marry a childhood friend, Prince Pavel Gavrilovich Gagarin. Upon her marriage, Anna was appointed a lady-in-waiting. Paul’s feelings for Anna did not change after her marriage and she continued to be his official mistress until his assassination in 1801.
Unofficial Royalty: Anna Petrovna Lopukhina, mistress of Paul I, Emperor of All Russia
November 8, 1777 – Birth of Désirée Clary, Queen Desideria of Sweden and Norway, wife of King Carl XIV Johan of Sweden and Norway (born Jean Baptiste Bernadotte), in Marseilles, France
Full name: Bernardine Eugénie Désirée Clary
Désirée was the youngest of the nine children of François Clary, a wealthy French merchant. Through Désirée and her sister Julie, their parents are the ancestors of the royal families of Belgium, Denmark, Luxembourg, Norway, and Sweden. Désirée became engaged to Napoleon Bonaparte in April 1795, but Napoleon soon became involved with Joséphine de Beauharnais and the engagement ended in September 1795. In 1798, she married Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, a noted French general and future King of Sweden and Norway. They had one son, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte, later King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway. In August 1810, Désirée’s husband was elected Crown Prince of Sweden and Norway to succeed the childless King Carl XIII of Sweden and Norway. Not wanting to leave Paris, Désirée did not initially accompany her husband to Sweden. When she eventually did go to Sweden, she did not like it at all and returned to Paris. In 1818, King Carl XIII of Sweden died, and Désirée’s husband ascended the thrones of Sweden and Norway as King Carl XIV Johan. However, Désirée, now known as Queen Desideria, would not return to Sweden until 1823. Although she planned to make just a temporary visit, Désirée would instead remain in Sweden for the rest of her life.
Unofficial Royalty: Désirée Clary, Queen Desideria of Sweden
November 8, 1830 – Death of Francesco I, King of the Two Sicilies in the Kingdom of Naples, now in Italy; buried at the Basilica of Santa Chiara in Naples
Francesco first married his double first cousin Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria. They had two children before Maria Clementina died from tuberculosis in 1801. In 1802, Francesco married another first cousin Maria Isabella of Spain. They had twelve children over twenty-three years. Unusual for the time, all twelve survived childhood. In 1825, upon the death of his father, Francesco became King of the Two Sicilies. His reign was only five years long as he died in 1830 at the age of 59.
Unofficial Royalty: Francesco I, King of the Two Sicilies
November 8, 1859 – Death of Heinrich XX, 4th Prince Reuss of Greiz in Greiz, Principality of Reuss-Greiz, now in Thuringia, Germany; buried at the Stadtkirche St. Marien, now in Greiz, Thuringia, Germany
In 1834, Heinrich XX married Princess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg but their childless marriage lasted until Sophie’s death four years later. In 1836, Heinrich XX’s elder brother Heinrich XIX, 3rd Prince Reuss of Greiz died. Because his brother had no son to succeed him, Heinrich XX became the 4th Prince Reuss of Greiz. In 1839, Heinrich XX married Caroline Amalie of Hesse-Homburg and the couple had five children. Heinrich XX died at the age of 65, and his thirteen-year-old son Heinrich XXII succeeded him as the 5th Prince Reuss of Greiz. Heinrich XX’s widow Caroline Amalie was Regent during the minority of their son.
Unofficial Royalty: Heinrich XX, 4th Prince Reuss of Greiz
November 8, 1876 – Death of Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen of Spain, wife of King Amadeo I of Spain, at the Villa Dufour in San Remo, Italy; buried at the Basilica of Superga, Turin, Italy
Maria Vittoria was from an Italian noble family and inherited her father’s noble titles becoming Princess della Cisterna, Princess di Belriguardo, Marchioness di Voghera, and Countess di Ponderano in her own right. She married Prince Amedeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta, the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy. Amedeo and Maria Vittoria had three sons. Their descendants through their eldest son have been the disputed claimants to the headship of the House of Savoy along with descendants of Amedeo’s brother King Umberto I of Italy. After Queen Isabella II of Spain was deposed in 1870, Amedeo was elected King of Spain and Maria Vittoria was Queen Consort. Without popular support, Amedeo abdicated the Spanish throne in 1873 and left Spain. Maria Vittoria had given birth to her last child only two weeks before the abdication. The recent childbirth, the stress of the abdication, and the exile from Spain exacerbated her poor physical condition and 29-year-old Maria Vittoria died from tuberculosis.
Unofficial Royalty: Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen of Spain
November 8, 1877 – Death of Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony, wife of King Johann of Saxony, in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, now in Saxony, Germany; buried in the Wettin Crypt at the Dresden Cathedral
In 1822, Amalie Auguste married the future King Johann of Saxony. Their marriage was a happy one, and the couple had nine children including two Kings of Saxony. Amalie Auguste’s husband became the heir presumptive to the Saxony throne in 1836, when King Anton died and was succeeded by Johann’s elder brother, King Friedrich August II. Amalie Auguste and her husband were close with the King and his wife (who was Amalie Auguste’s younger sister), and the two women worked together to support numerous charities and institutions. Amalie Auguste’s husband became King of Saxony upon his brother’s death in 1854 and reigned until his death in 1873. Amalie Auguste survived her husband by four years, dying at the age of 76.
Unofficial Royalty: Amalie Auguste of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony
November 8, 1906 – Birth of Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse, son of Ernst Ludwig, the last Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and his second wife Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich, in Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine, now in Hesse, Germany
Full name: Georg Donatus Wilhelm Nikolaus Eduard Heinrich Karl
George Donatus was a great-grandson of Queen Victoria. In 1931, he married Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark. She was the daughter of Prince Andreas of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg, and a sister of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Through her mother, Cecilie and Georg Donatus were first cousins once removed. The couple had two sons and one daughter. Georg Donatus became head of the family upon his father’s death on October 9, 1937. However, as the throne no longer existed, he did not assume the title of Grand Duke. Despite the formal mourning, it was decided that Georg Donatus’ brother Ludwig would marry The Honorable Margaret Geddes in England as scheduled for the following month. On November 16, 1937, Georg Donatus, his wife Cecilie, their two sons Ludwig and Alexander, and his mother Grand Duchess Eleonore, boarded a flight for London to attend the wedding. Tragically, the plane crashed in Belgium, and all aboard were killed.
Unofficial Royalty: Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse
Unofficial Royalty: November 16, 1937 – Deaths of the Grand Ducal Family of Hesse and by Rhine
November 8, 1933 – Assassination of King Nadir Shah of Afghanistan at the Royal Palace in Kabul, Afghanistan; buried in the King Nadir Shah Mausoleum in Kabul
Mohammad Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan was shot and killed by an assassin while taking part in a high school awards ceremony at the Royal Palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Unofficial Royalty: Assassination of Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan
November 8, 2003 – Birth of Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor, daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, at Frimley Park Hospital in Surrey, England
Full name: Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary
Lady Louise was born prematurely and delivered by emergency cesarean section after The Countess of Wessex suffered placental abruption which caused significant blood loss to the Countess and fetal distress to Louise. Mother and daughter spent two weeks in the hospital. The titles and styles of Louise and her brother James are often disputed. Under the terms of King George V’s Letters Patent of 1917, as grandchildren of the sovereign in the male line, they are Prince and Princess of the United Kingdom, with the style of Royal Highness. However, at the time of Edward and Sophie’s marriage, a press release was issued from Buckingham Palace. Along with announcing Prince Edward’s new title as Earl of Wessex, it stated that The Queen, with the agreement of Edward and Sophie, had decided that any children born to them should not be given the style of Royal Highness, but instead be given courtesy titles as children of an Earl.
Unofficial Royalty: Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor
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